Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation or CBC (Société Radio-Canada in French), is the national public broadcaster in Canada. Founded as a chain of radio stations to play on Canadian National Railway trains as a promotional feature, the CBC was created on November 2, 1936 by an Act of Parliament. Its television unit, CBC Television, began operations on September 6, 1952. The CBC operates on a similar basis to its distantly related British cousin, the British Broadcasting Corporation, although unlike the BBC's television service (which is non-commercial and is supported by a television tax, which it calls a "television licence fee"), CBC Television is supported by commercial advertising as a supplement to its government funding.
Accusations of Liberal Bias
The CBC is accused of having a predominantly liberal bias by right-wing media outlets in the United States and Canada. It has long supported the positions of the Liberal Party of Canada, acting as a government lapdog when the Liberals are in power (much like the mainstream media does with the Democrat Party in the United States) and as a "watchdog" against the government when the Conservatives form the government in Ottawa. While the CBC is mandated to present an entirely non-partisan viewpoint, most scholars agree that the CBC instead opts for the position of consensus - hence its opposition to opponents of "global warming" and its predominantly hostile take on Creationism and Intelligent Design, earning it harsh reviews from groups with interests in creationism.
The CBC provides Canadian material on its radio and TV networks, focusing on Canadian culture and arts. These programs are included in all television packages. Aside from the cultural content, the CBC also provides sporting coverage (most notably their long-running Saturday night broadcasts of Hockey Night in Canada, featuring the Canadian teams of the National Hockey League), which has garnered itself a surprisingly large audience outside of Canada.
- BBC, the so-called bigger brother to the CBC.