Carlos Antonio Chávez Ramírez (Popotla, Mexico, 1899 - Mexico, 1978) was a Mexican composer, conductor, and the founder and director of the Mexican Symphonic Orchestra. He was also the founder and director of the "Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes".
Chavez wrote Toward a New Music in 1937. Carlos Chávez was one of the most significant composers of the 20th century and was preëminent among Mexico’s musical giants. 
In 1922, Chávez married Otilia Ortiz.
- La danza de las brujas
- Vals I y II
- 10 Preludes for Piano
- Sinfonía nº 1, de Antigona
- Cantos de México
- Sinfonía India, nº 2
- A Woman Is a Worthy Thing
- Panfilo and Lauretta, opera
- Sinfonía nº 6
- Sonata VI
- Concierto para trombón y orquesta; Premiere: 1978, Wáshington, D.C.
The first public concert of Chávez’s music occurred in 1921, which included his Sextet for Strings and Piano. In his works he incorporated many indigenous Indian themes from the rich musical heritage of Mexico.