Carly Fiorina

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Cara Carleton "Carly" Fiorina (née Sneed; born September 6, 1954) is an American businesswoman. Fiorina is known primarily for her tenure as CEO of Hewlett-Packard (HP) and as Chair of the philanthropic organization Good360. She ran for the Republican Party's nomination of President of the United States in 2016.

As Chief Executive Officer of HP from 1999 to 2005, Fiorina was the first woman to lead a Top-20 company as ranked by Fortune Magazine.[1] In 2002, Fiorina oversaw what was then the largest technology sector merger in history, in which HP acquired rival personal computer manufacturer, Compaq. The transaction made HP the world's largest seller of personal computers.[2][3] HP subsequently laid off 30,000 U.S. employees in order to save 80,000 jobs.[4][5][6] In February 2005, she was forced to resign as CEO and Chair, following a boardroom disagreement.[7][8][9]

In March 2016, Fiorina endorsed Ted Cruz for the nomination. On April 27, 2016, Cruz named Fiorina as his running mate. On May 3, 2016, Cruz dropped out of the race. On December 19, 2016, after Trump's victory in the election, the Electoral College convened; Fiorina received one electoral vote for Vice President of the United States.[10]

Early life

Fiorina was born in Austin, Texas. Her parents were Joseph Tyree Sneed, III and Madelon Montross. She studied at Stanford University, at the University of Maryland, and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Fiorina was raised Episcopalian.[11]

Career

In 2002, Fiorina undertook the biggest high-tech merger in history with rival computer company Compaq, which made HP the world's largest personal computer manufacturer.[12][13]

Fiorina performed unpaid service on the Defense Business Board, which looked at staffing issues, among others, at The Pentagon.[14]

Fiorina spent two years leading the Central Intelligence Agency's External Advisory Board, from 2007 to 2009,[15] and became chair of that board,[16] when the board was first created in 2007 by then-CIA director Michael Hayden during the George W. Bush administration.[17]

After resigning as CEO of HP, Fiorina served on the boards of several organizations and as an advisor to Republican John McCain's 2008 presidential campaign. She won a three-way race for the Republican nomination for the United States Senate from California in 2010 but lost the general election to incumbent Democrat Senator Barbara Boxer.[18]

U.S. Senate candidacy for California, 2010

On November 4, 2009, Fiorina formally announced her candidacy in the 2010 Senate election in a bid to unseat incumbent Democrat Barbara Boxer.[19]

On June 8, 2010, Fiorina won the Republican primary election for the Senate with over 50 percent of the vote, beating Tom Campbell and State Assemblyman Chuck DeVore.[20]

On November 4, 2010, Boxer won the general election with 52.2% to Fiorina's 42.2%, a comfortable margin due to heavy turnout among Democrats especially in Los Angeles.[21][22][23]

2016 presidential campaign

In May 2015, Fiorina announced she was running for President.[24] She withdrew on February 10, 2016.[25]

Personal life

Fiorina was married to Todd Bartlem from 1977 until they divorced in 1984. Then, she married Frank Fiorina in 1985.

Fiorina is a Christian who believes that everyone is "equal in the eyes of God."[26]

References

  1. "Behind Fortune's Most Powerful Women", Fortune, March 23, 2009. Retrieved on April 1, 2015. 
  2. Grocer, Stephen (2007-08-16). The H-P/Compaq Union, From Controversy to Success. Retrieved on 2015-10-08.
  3. Bagley, Constance. Managers and the Legal Environment: Strategies for the 21st Century, p. 599 (Cengage Learning 2015).
  4. Carly Fiorina: Secretary to CEO. Retrieved on 2016-01-06.
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Farley
  6. Goldman, David. "Behind Carly Fiorina's 30,000 HP layoffs", CNN (September 21, 2015): "She has also noted – correctly — that despite bruising layoffs, she hired more people than she fired. HP and Compaq had a combined 148,100 employees just before she was hired in 1999, and 150,000 by the time she was fired in 2005."
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named stanford
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PuiWing
  9. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Burrows
  10. Tau, Byron. "Donald Trump Wins Enough Electoral Votes to Become President", 2016-12-20. 
  11. Service, Religion News. "5 Faith Facts About Presidential Candidate Carly Fiorina: ‘What You Make Of Yourself Is Your Gift To God'", 2015-05-04. (en-US) 
  12. Bagley, Constance. Managers and the Legal Environment: Strategies for the 21st Century, p. 599 (Cengage Learning 2015).
  13. Wright, Rob (September 8, 2011). The HP-Compaq Merger: Partners Reflect 10 Years Later. CRN. Retrieved on May 9, 2015.
  14. Williamson, Elizabeth. "Fiorina’s Time at H-P Gets a Close Look", 2015-05-05. 
  15. Williamson, Elizabeth. "Fiorina’s Time at H-P Gets a Close Look", 2015-05-05. 
  16. "The CEO and the CIA". (en) 
  17. Jackie Kucinich (2017-01-30). Carly Fiorina Is Getting a CPAC Upgrade. Retrieved on 2017-05-17.
  18. McKinley, Jesse. "In California, Boxer Wins Senate Race, and Brown Is Leading for Governor", The New York Times, November 3, 2010. Retrieved on November 3, 2010. 
  19. "Carly Fiorina Announces Calif. Senate Run". (en) 
  20. "Fiorina Wins GOP Senate Primary in California". (en) 
  21. California - Election Results 2010 - The New York Times (en). Retrieved on 2017-05-17.
  22. Reston, Maeve. "Barbara Boxer overcame several hurdles to defeat Carly Fiorina in Senate race", 2010-11-04. (en-US) 
  23. "California Election Results: How Barbara Boxer Bucked a National Trend by Beating Carly Fiorina". (en) 
  24. Carly Fiorina is Running for President. Politico. Retrieved on May 5, 2015.
  25. Carl Fiorina Ends Presidential Bid. CNN.com. Retrieved on February 13, 2016.
  26. Interview: Potential GOP Presidential Candidate Carly Fiorina Talks Abortion, Common Core, Gay Marriage and Her Christian Faith (en). Retrieved on 2017-05-17.

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