Cumulative distribution function

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A Cumulative Distribution Function
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In probability theory, a cumulative distribution function F(x) of a probability density function say f(x) is a real valued and continuous function whose value is the proportion of probability values of a variable which occur on the part of the real line up and including the value of that variable; i.e.,


 F(x) = \int_{-\infty}^x \,f(\lambda)\,d\lambda


Considering this definition in light of the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus yields:


 f(x) = \frac{dF(x)}{dx}


Due to the properties of the probability density function f(x), the cumulative distribution function F(x) will have the following properties:


(1)  F(x) \geq 0  \forall x inside its domain of support.


(2)  \lim_{x \to \infty}F(x) = 1 , i.e., finitely convergent (to unity by convention).


(3)  F(a) \leq F(b) for a<b, i.e., is non-decreasing


If the domain of the variable is finite, then the upper limit in equation (2) above should be the upper bound of the variables domain of support.

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