A centaur is a creature from Greek and Roman mythology with the body and legs of a horse, and the torso, head and arms of a man in place of the horse's head and neck. Centaurs are often depicted with a bow and arrow. The constellation Sagittarius (the archer) is a depiction of a centaur.
Centaurs appear in various classical myths; among the most famous is Chiron, who was tutor to the young Achilles. In his political tract The Prince, Niccolo Machiavelli uses the centaur as a metaphor for a being that combines the best attributes of both man and beast. Centaurs also appear in Dante's Inferno, patrolling the seventh circle of Hell.