Challenger I

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FV4030 Challenger I
Challenger 1 MBT.jpg
Challenger I during Operation Desert Storm
Type Main Battle Tank
Origin United Kingdom
Entered production 1983
Length 11.5 m
Width 3.51 m
Height 2.95 m
Weight 62 tonnes
Crew 4
Armor Chobham armour
Primary amament L11A5 120mm rifled gun
Secondary armament 1 x 7.62mm L8A2 machine gun
1 x 7.62mm L37A2 machine gun
Suspension Hydrogas
Max. road speed 56 km/h (37 mph)
Operational range 450km road/250km off-road
Engine Rolls-Royce CV12 26 litre diesel
Power output 1,200 hp/895 kW

The Challenger I was the Main Battle Tank (MBT) of the British Army from 1983 until replaced by the Challenger II in the 1990s. It is still the Jordanian Armed Forces MBT.

The Challenger had an excellent combat record in the Gulf War, destroying about 300 Iraqi tanks for no losses.[1]


  1. Tanks of the World, by George Forty, Anness Publishing, 2005