Circle

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Area of the circle = π × area of the shaded square

A circle is the set of all the points in a given plane that are the same distance, called the radius, r, from a given point called the center.

A circle may also be defined algebraically, as the set of solutions to an equation of the form:

(xa)2 + (yb)2 = r2,

where (a,b) is the center of the circle.

The distance around the circle, or circumference, is given by:

C = 2π * r

The area inside the circle is calculated using the formula:

A = π * r2

A circle is a conic section, the intersection of a plane with a cone such that the plane is perpendicular to the axis of the cone.

Circles can readily be constructed by using a fixed distance between a pencil point and the center. A compass is a tool for doing this easily.

A circle with r = 1 is called the unit circle, and is used extensively in trigonometry.

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