Classical music is a phrase used to refer to music created since the medieval period, scored for a wide range and sometimes a large number of acoustic (non-amplified) instruments.
The history is broken into several major divisions:
- Renaissance (1400-1500)
- Baroque (1600-1750)
- Classical (1750-1820)
- Romantic (1820-1900)
- Twentieth Century (1900-1999)
Although there are not strict temporal divisions, each period has tended to reflect other things that were going on in society and civilization at the time. Each period has a handful of better known composers who represent the style in people's minds.
The term classical music also include music systems from non western cultures as well. This includes Indian Classical Music, Chinese Classical music and Japanese traditions.
Liszt at piano with Dumas, Hugo, Sand, Paganini and Rossini.