The Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act (the "Clery Act"), originally named the "Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act of 1990," requires American colleges and universities across the United States to disclose serious crimes that occur on or near their campuses. It applies to any school that accepts federal funding, which is defined broadly to include federal student financial aid. The United States Department of Education enforces the law.
The "Clery Act" is named in honor of the 19-year-old Lehigh University freshman Jeanne Ann Clery. She was raped and murdered by an attack when she slept in her dormitory on April 5, 1986. Her parents then learned for the first time that 38 violent crimes had occurred on the Lehigh campus in the prior three years before her murder. This law is designed to ensure parents and students are aware of danger.
Additional reporting requirements for these schools were imposed by amendments to the law in 1992 and 1998.