Cognitive therapy is a form of psychotherapy, developed by Dr. Aaron T. Beck, that emphasizes the important role of thinking in how we feel and what we do. Also called cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), it is "based on the idea that our thoughts cause our feelings and behaviors, not external things, like people, situations, and events." The theory is that depression and anxiety are caused by negative thinking patterns. or cognitive distortions, such as jumping to conclusions, all or nothing thinking, and "Catastrophizing".
- What Is Cognitive Therapy? - The Beck Institute
- What is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy? National Association of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapists
- Cognitive therapists believe that these negative thinking patterns actually cause you to feel depressed and anxious. David Burns
- Cognitive Distortions - David C. Bissette, Psy.D., CSAT