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Conservation refers to the preservation, restoration or repair of the natural environment, wildlife, or archaeological, historical, and cultural sites and artifacts.[1]

On the environment see Conservation and environmentalism.

Conservation projects aim to:

  • maintain the environment and natural resources for future generations,
  • maintain species diversity for our benefit and that of wildlife,
  • provide opportunities for education and the enjoyment of the environment.


Fishermen (or their governments) often agree to leave a certain number of fish uncaught, so that the population can replenish itself. If fisheries are fished beyond their natural capacity, the fish population may collapse and fail to replenish itself quickly enough for the fishery to remain economically viable. This phenomenon is known as overfishing.


  1. conservation "Compact Oxford English Dictionary" Accessed 28 December 2007

See also

{{Navbox |name=Permaculture |image=TurkishForest.jpg |basestyle=font-size: 95%; background-color:Aquamarine; |title=Permaculture Design Science - "Permanent Culture" - "Permanent Agriculture"

|groupstyle=font-size: 90%; color:MidnightBlue; background-color:#DFFFD4; |liststyle=font-size: 85%; background-color:#FFFFFF;

|group1=Ethics |list1=1. Earth care 2. People care 3. Reinvesting surplus

|group2=Water |list2=Aquaponics - Aquaculture ponds barren land recovery • Berm Bioswale Earth works Greywater Hugelkultur Irrigation Replacing irrigation with Permaculture Natural swimming pool Desert greening Rainwater harvesting Swales on contour Water conservation

|group3=Soil Building |list3=Chop and drop mulching Compost Compost tea Beyond compost Composting toilet Cover crop Diatomaceous earth Desert greening Hugelkultur Humanure Humus Nitrogen fixation No tilling Sheet mulching Soil survey Urine and gardening Wind and berms

|group4=Techniques |list4=Biodiversity Bio-mimicry Cast iron Conservation vs. environmentalism Contour Edge effect Electric tractor Food as medicine Food preservation Food storage Function stacking Holistic management HUSP Interplanting Invest in tangibles Keyhole bed Microclimate Natural building recycling Renewable energy Rocket mass heater Rumford fireplace Solar dehydrator TEFA - Textured food all-year round Wildcrafting Wofati Zones

|group5=People |list5=Jason Akers (The Self-Sufficient Gardener) • Martin Crawford (Creating a Forest Garden) • Alan Enzo Ben Falk (The Resilient Farm and Homestead) • Sepp Holzer (Sepp Holzer’s Permaculture) • Masanobu Fookuoka (The One-Straw Revolution) • Toby Hemenway (Gaia's Garden) • David Holmgren (Permaculture - Principles and Pathways beyond Sustainability) • Ben Law (The Woodland Way) • Geoff Lawton (Permaculture Research Institute) • Art Ludwig Bill Mollison (Founder Permaculture - A Designers Manual) • Mike Oehler Dean Pain Joel Salatin (You Can Farm) • Allan Savory (Holistic Management Handbook - Healthy Land, Healthy Profits) • Christopher Shein Mark Shepard (Restoration Agriculture - Real-World Permaculture for Farmers) • Darby Simpson Willie Smits Jack Spirko (PermaEthos) • Ruth Stout Eric Toensmeier (Edible Forest Gardens) • Josiah Wallingford Paul Wheaton ( / Permaculture Playing Cards) • Bill Wilson Marjory Wildcraft (Food Production Systems for a Backyard or Small Farm)

|group6=Animals in permaculture |list6=Bees Bugs, Weeds, Funguses, and Microorganisms Chickens Chicken tractor Free range Fungi Honey bees Livestock guardian dogs Managed intensive rotational grazing (mob grazing) • Mason bees Paddock-shift system Pigs Pollinators Rotational grazing

|group7=Plants in Permaculture |list7=Apple tree Bamboo Black locust Close-grown crops Comfrey Companion planting Dandelion Food forest Herb spiral Intercropping Leguminous plant Mulberry Mullein Perennial plants Plant guild Pioneer species Polyculture Rhubarb Stinging nettles Sunchokes Support species Tree planting

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