Conservative force

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Conservative forces are those that possess certain properties[1]:

1. The work it does on a particle is independent of its trajectory.

2. The work done on a particle that moves along a closed trajectory (where the initial and final positions are the same, or di = df) = 0) is zero.

3. The force can be written as the negative of the gradient of a potential energy function, i.e. \vec F = - \nabla U .

When the only forces present in a system are conservative, mechanical energy is conserved.

Examples of conservative forces:

Example of a non-conservative force:

References

  1. Serway and Beichner, Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Fifth Edition
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