Continuing resolution/continuing appropriations
Legislation in the form of a joint resolution enacted by Congress after waiver of the Budget Act of 1974 by consensus for the new fiscal year, to provide spending authority for Federal agencies, programs and entitlements to continue. The regular appropriations acts can then be circumvented or ignored.
Under the Budget Act, if the president does not sign an appropriations bill by midnight September 30, Congress then passes a Continuing Resolution to avoid a shutdown that keeps current spending levels going to states and localities and other recipients until agreement is reached and the president signs the bill. In some cases, continuing resolutions have kept the government operating for years along a previously established baseline without agreement on a formal budget for the current year.