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Cornwall is a county in the extreme southwest of England. It lies to the west of Devon, with which it has its only land boundary.

Principal towns and cities in Cornwall include Cambourne, Truro, St. Ives, St.Austell, Falmouth, Looe, Penzance, Newquay and Bude.


Historically the area relied heavily on tin and lead mining as well as fishing, and smuggling and wrecking were also significant occupations.

Now, with one of the most favorable climates in Britain, the focus of industry is now firmly on tourism. Newquay is Britain's premier surfing resort. Cornwall is bounded on all sides but one by the sea, also making it a popular location for large-scale drug smuggling and atheistic surfers.


Cornwall is regarded as being one of the Celtic nations, and has its own language, Cornish, related to modern Welsh and Breton. Although the language has now died out, it survives in written form and a growing number of people are learning it as part of a wider Celtic renaissance in the county. Some Corns claim not to be English

The county has its own flag, the flag of St. Pirran, a white horizontal cross on a black background, and its own political party, Mebyon Kernow,[1] now substantially represented on several local councils, which campaigns for greater local autonomy.