architect and planner. With his partner John Root he designed some of the earliest skyscraper buildings in the world (and he was designer of the Flatiron Building in New York City and the Chicago Masonic Temple Building; constructed 1891-1892); and he designed the layout of the 1893 Chicago World Fair in a neoclassical 'Beaux-Arts' style, influenced by L'Enfant's plan of Washington and Baron Haussmann's rebuilding of Paris, incorporating squares and radiating avenues with large vistas; this had a worldwide impact on city planning. Burnham was to put these ideas to further use in his Plan of Chicago of 1906-09, designed to turn Chicago into "a Paris on the Prarie".
- On Burnham's work in Chicago: http://www.ci.chi.il.us/Landmarks/Architects/Burnham.html
- On the 1893 World Fair: http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/1386.html
- On the Plan of Chicago: http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/10537.html