David Alfaro Siqueiros

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El Coronelazo, Museo Nacional de Arte, Mexico.

David Alfaro Siqueiros (Ciudad Camargo, Chihuahua, 1896 - Cuernavaca, Morelos, 1974) Mexican Social Realist Muralist. Along with Diego Rivera and José Clemente Orozco (the "Big Three"), Siqueiros was one of the most important artists in the Mexican mural movement. [1] Mexican muralism started during the first decades of the XX century... The murals of Siqueiros are characterized by an imposing strength and an esthetic full of drama and color. [2] Siqueiros was also a life-long political activist, a Communist, veteran of the Mexican Revolution and Spanish Civil War; because of his political activism he was several times in prision. Issac Deutscher describes him as a man in whom "art, revolution and gangsterism were inseparable."; he was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize in 1967. [3]

Siqueiros' first mural, The Elements (1922), was painted in a stairway of the National Preparatory School. Some of his most important works are: "Portrait of Eugene Jolas", c. 1936, "Proceso al fascismo", 1939, "Retrato de la Burguesía", 1939-1940, "Muerte al Invasor, 1942, "Alegoría de la Igualdad Racial en Cuba", 1944, "El Coronelazo", 1945, "La Nueva Democracia", 1944-1945, "Patricios y Patricidas", 1946, "Nuestra Imagen Actual", 1947, "Cuauhtémoc Contra el Mito" ca. 1964, and "Marcha de la Humanidad", 1971. His painting portrayed his ideals of nationalism.

Although he is most recognized for his murals inspired by the Mexican Revolution, Siqueiros´s artistic interests were exceptionally varied and included the idea of mechanical motion of futurism, as well as the concept of montage [4]

Siqueiros's radical experiments proved influential for Abstract Expressionist artist Jackson Pollock, in particular, who was a member of his New York Workshop. [5]

Siqueiros Desfallecimiento 1944.jpg

Desfallecimiento, 1944.

See also

El petroleo en México, 1967.
El fuego muerto cubrira toda la tierra, 1962.

External links

Zapata, The Metropolitan Museum of Art.


Nuestra Imagen Actual.
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