Demyelinating disorders is a medical condition where the myelin sheath is damaged. The myelin sheath surrounds nerves and is responsible for the transmission of impulses to the brain. Damage to the myelin sheath results in muscle weakness, poor coordination and possible paralysis.
Examples of demyelinating disorders include Multiple Sclerosis (MS), optic neuritis, transverse neuritis and Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS). One form of Demyelinating disorder, Neuromyelitis optica affects only the eyes and spinal cord. There is no known cure at the present time, but it may be possible to slow the progress of the disease with the proper treatment, and the symptoms can also be treated.