A documentary is an artistic compilation, typically in film form, used to convey non-fictitious information for a mix of educational or entertainment purposes. John Grierson stated that documentary films have three components: (1) a concern with the content and expressive richness of the actuality image, (2) a concern with the interpretive potential of editing, and (3) a concern with the representation of social relationships. The term "documentary" often implies truthfulness, but this is sometimes not the case. Moreover, documentaries include elements commonly used in other film genres, such as horror. The first documentary film in the English language was released in 1922, by Robert Flaherty and it was called Nanook of the North.
List of documentary films
- Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed is a documentary about the liberal censorship of intelligent design. Expelled is hosted by Ben Stein.
- Sicko, by Michael Moore, a documentary written to impugn the American healthcare system.
- Fahrenheit 9/11, by Michael Moore, a documentary written as an assault to the Bush administration.
- Schlockumentary, a slang term referring to documentaries based on junk science.
- Mockumentary, a fictional work in the form of a documentary.
- Liberal bias, as many documentaries have a decidedly liberal slant.
- Aitken, Ian (18 October 2013). Encyclopedia of the Documentary Film. Routledge. ISBN 9781135206208. Retrieved on 30 October 2014. “Grierson's early theory of documentary film consisted of three principal elements: (1) a concern with the content and expressive richness of the actuality image, (2) a concern with the interpretive potential of editing, and (3) a concern with the representation of social relationships.”
- Top 10 Disturbing Documentaries. Top10HQ (2014). Retrieved on 30 October 2014.
- McLane, Betsy A. (5 April 2012). A New History of Documentary Film: Second Edition. A&C Black. ISBN 9781441124579. Retrieved on 30 October 2014. “Traditionally, the English-language documentary is said to start with American Roberty Flaherty's Nanook of the North, shot in Canada and released in the United States in 1922. Flaherty wanted to show his version of the Eskimos - the people whom he had gotten to know in his travels - to audiences who had little or no knowledge of them.”