Edith Hollan Jones (b. 1949) serves as the Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, a post she has held since January 16, 2006. President Ronald Reagan appointed her to the Fifth Circuit in 1985, and she was quickly confirmed by the U.S. Senate at the age of only 36.
She has shown a conservative approach to law, including the upholding of the death penalty. She was reported to have told a defense lawyer that his last-minute appeal in a death sentence case was ruining her cocktail hour. Further to this, liberal critics have also labelled her "horsewoman of the right-wing apocalypse".
Chief Judge Jones has criticized the use of legislative history, which is often manipulable, when the text of the statute is clear:
- [A] powerful line of Supreme Court authority suggests that legislative history should rarely be used in statutory interpretation, because only the text of the law has been passed by Congress, not the often-contrived history. See, e.g., Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Allapattah Servs. Inc., 545 U.S. 546, 162 L. Ed. 2d 502, 125 S. Ct. 2611, 2626 (2005).
- [T]he fact that judicial interpretation of a statute leads to consequences unforeseen by Congress [may not] make a statute "ambiguous" within the meaning of Chevron. See, e.g., Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Allapattah Servs., Inc., 545 U.S. 546, 567, 125 S. Ct. 2611, 2625, 162 L. Ed. 2d 502 (2005) (rejecting legislative history that might have demonstrated Congress "did not intend" to overrule a case because the statutory language was unambiguous that Congress did in fact overrule the case); Free v. Abbott Lab. (In re Abbott Lab.), 51 F.3d 524, 528-29 (5th Cir. 1995) (applying the plain meaning of a statute even though that construction "may have been a clerical error"); see also Thompson v. Goetzmann, 337 F.3d 489 (5th Cir. 2003). In Thompson, the Department of Health & Human Services sought deference for its interpretation of a particular term, as construed in the applicable regulations and in its lawsuit for Medicare reimbursement. The court stated:
- [W]e reiterate that the courts are not in the business of amending legislation. If the plain language of the MSP statute produces the legislatively unintended result claimed by the government, the government's complaint should be addressed to Congress, not to the courts, for such revision as Congress may deem warranted, if any.
- Id. at 493.
- ↑ Ridgeway, J. Cash Bar in D.C.: People will pay to see this court battle. In fact, they're paying right now; Village Voice; (July 5, 2005) 
- ↑ Garrett v. Circuit City Stores, Inc., 449 F.3d 672, 680 (5th Cir. 2006).
- ↑ Texas v. United States, 2007 U.S. App. LEXIS 19688, *38 - *39 (5th Cir. August 17, 2007).