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Edom in the Bible is a name for Esau and his descendant nation. Esau had five sons to carry on his name.[1]

The nation existed as long ago as the 11th century B.C., but disappeared sometime during the Jewish-Roman Wars. The Hebrew word 'Edom' (אדם or אדום) means 'red' or 'red stuff', and is a reference to the red stew that Esau asked of Jacob in exchange for Esau's birthright.[2]

Edom had kings before the nation of Israel. The following is the early line of the kings of Edom:[3]

  • Bela (son of Beor)
  • Jobah (son of Zerah)
  • Husham
  • Hada (son of Bedad)
  • Samlah
  • Shaul
  • Baal-Hanan (son of Acbor)
  • Hadad

Chiefs of Edom were:[4]

  • Timna, Alvah, Jetheth, Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, Magdiel, and Iram