Egon Schiele ((Tulln bei Wien, 12 June 1890 – Wien, 31 October 1918) was an Austrian expressionist painter. He was a major figurative painter of the early 20th century. Egon Schiele made sexuality and eroticism one of his major themes and was briefly imprisoned for obscenity in 1912. He was only 16 when he went to the Vienna Academy of Fine Art and had his first exhibition in 1908.
Other prominent Expressionists include Ernst Kirchner, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Erich Heckel, Wassily Kandinsky, Max Beckmann and Emil Nolde. Expressionism is a term used to describe a movement of the early 20th century.
The Art Critic Arthur C. Danto says: "Eroticism and pictorial representation have coexisted since the beginning of art, and many great artists have a few erotic images, but Schiele was unique in making eroticism the defining motif of his impressive if circumscribed oeuvre."
Schiele's work is built on drawing, rather than painting, often using very thin washes of color in only parts of an artwork. Painters should look at his work to see how much can be conveyed with little detail. 
Egon Schiele died when he was only 28.
- Egon Schiele The WebMuseum, Paris.
- Egon Schiele The Artchive.
- Egon Schiele Artcyclopedia.
- Egon Schiele Museum In German.
- Egon Schiele by Marion Boddy-Evans.