Emmanuel Mounier (1905 - 1950) was a French thinker and writer. He was Director of the Catholic review Esprit, the organ of the Personalist movement. Mounier wrote "The Personalist Manifesto" and "Traité du caractère".
A personalist civilization is one whose structure and spirit are directed towards the development as persons of all the individuals constituting it. They have as their ultimate end to enable every individual to live as a person, that is, to exercise a maximum of initiative, responsibility, and spiritual life.