Evolutionary game theory
In the field of evolutionary game theory, an 'evolutionarily stable strategy or ESS is one which resists infiltration by other strategies. The concept was proposed by population geneticists John Maynard Smith and George R. Price. It is important to note that there may be multiple behaviors which could be potential ESSs in a given situation; which one actually prevails is dependent upon the initial conditions of the population.
- Maynard Smith, J. and G. R. Price (1973) The logic of animal conflict. Nature 246: 15-18.
- Maynard Smith, J. (1982) Evolution and the Theory of Games. ISBN 0-521-28884-3