Biblical Exegesis is the critical (thorough) interpretation of texts in the Bible. The term is taken from the Greek word ἐξηγεῖσθαι, which means "to lead out." The primary reason for exegesis is to determine the meaning of the text, and this determination leads to discovering its significance or relevance. For conservative evangelicals, the meaning of the text is anchored in authorial intent. That is, the goal in exegetical analysis is to discover what the original author meant to the original audience in the time frame that it was written. After the meaning is determined, then principles are drawn from the meaning and applied to the present day and culture.
The process of exegesis include key word studies, analysis of grammatical and syntactical features, examination of the history, background and origins of the text, and determination of literary genre. Biblical exegesis is best done using the original Greek and Hebrew texts, although it is certainly possible to a certain degree using translation as well. However, many modern English translations are marred by "progressive" bias.
- Hermeneutics - A Guide To Basic Bible Interpretation, By Darryl M. Erkel
- A type of Biblical exegesis called arcing