Federalist No. 57
Federalist No. 57, authored by James Madison under the pen name Publius, is the fifty seventh of 85 essays. Titled "The Alleged Tendency of the New Plan to Elevate the Few at the Expense of the Many", Madison refutes charges that elected representatives will only represent the views of a selected few, instead of the whole.
It was published on February 19, 1788.