First Battle of Boonville

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First Battle of Boonville
Began:

June 17, 1861

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Cooper County, Missouri

Theater:

Trans-Mississippi Theater

Campaign:

Operations to Control Missouri

Outcome:

Union victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

Combined force:
Missouri state troops
U.S. Army regulars

Missouri State Guard

Commanders

Nathaniel Lyon
Brigadier General, USA

John S. Marmaduke
Colonel, CSA

Strength

1,700

Casualties

31

50

  

Claiborne Jackson, the pro-Southern Governor of Missouri, wanted the state to secede and join the Confederacy. Union Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon set out to put down Jackson’s Missouri State Guard, commanded by Sterling Price. Reaching Jefferson City, the state capital, Lyon discovered that Jackson and Price had retreated towards Boonville. Lyon reembarked on steamboats, transported his men to below Boonville, marched to the town, and engaged the enemy. In a short fight, Lyon dispersed the Confederates, commanded on the field by Col. John S. Marmaduke, and occupied Boonville. This early victory established Union control of the Missouri River and helped douse attempts to place Missouri in the Confederacy.