First Battle of Independence, Missouri

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First Battle of Independence
Began:

August 11, 1862

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Jackson County, Missouri

Theater:

Trans-Mississippi Theater

Campaign:

Operations North of Boston Mountains

Outcome:

Confederate victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png
Commanders

James T. Buel
Lieutenant Colonel, USA

J.T. Hughes
Colonel, CSA
G.W. Thompson
Colonel, CSA

Strength

700-800 est.

Casualties

344

Unknown

  

On August 11, 1862, Col. J.T. Hughes’s Confederate force, including William Quantrill, attacked Independence, at dawn, in two columns on different roads. They drove through the town to the Union Army camp, capturing, killing, and scattering the Yankees. Lt. Col. James T. Buel, commander of the garrison, attempted to hold out in one of the buildings with some of his men. Soon the building next to them was on fire, threatening them. Buel then, by means of a flag of truce, arranged a meeting with the Confederate commander, Col. G.W. Thompson, who had replaced Col. J.T. Hughes, killed earlier. Buel surrendered and about 150 of his men were paroled, the others had escaped, hidden, or been killed. Having taken Independence, the Rebel force headed for Kansas City. Confederate dominance in the Kansas City area continued, but not for long. (NPS summary)

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