First Battle of Kernstown

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First Battle of Kernstown
Began:

March 23, 1862

Ended:

Same Day

Location:

Frederick County and
City of Winchester, Virginia

Theater:

Eastern Theater

Campaign:

Jackson’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Outcome:

Union victory (tactical)
Confederate victory (strategic)

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

V Corps,
Army of the Potomac

Valley District,
Department of Northern Virginia

Commanders

Nathan Kimball
Colonel, USA

Thomas J. Jackson
Major General, CSA

Strength

8,500

3,800

Casualties

590
Killed: 118
Wounded: 450
Missing/captured: 22

718
Killed: 80
Wounded: 375
Missing/captured: 263

  

Relying on faulty intelligence that reported the Union garrison at Winchester numbered only about 3,000, “Stonewall” Jackson marched aggressively north with his 3,400-man division. The 8,500 Federals, commanded by Col. Nathan Kimball, stopped Jackson at Kernstown and then counterattacked turning Jackson’s left flank and forcing him to retreat. Despite this Union victory, President Lincoln was disturbed by Jackson’s threat to Washington and redirected substantial reinforcements to the Valley, depriving McClellan’s army of these troops. McClellan claimed that the additional troops would have enabled him to take Richmond during his Peninsula campaign. (NPS summary)

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