First Battle of Saltville

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First Battle of Saltville
Began:

October 2, 1864

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Smyth County, Virginia

Theater:

Western Theater

Campaign:

Burbridge’s Raid into Southwest Virginia, September-October 1864

Outcome:

Confederate victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png
Commanders

Stephen Burbridge
Brigadier General, USA

Alfred E. Jackson
Brigadier General, CSA

Strength
Casualties
  

Union cavalry and infantry raiders led by Brig. Gen. Stephen Burbridge attempted to destroy the saltworks near Saltville. He was delayed at Clinch Mountain and Laurel Gap by a makeshift Confederate force, enabling Brig. Gen. Alfred E. Jackson to concentrate troops near Saltville to meet him. On the morning of October 1, the Federals attacked but made little headway. Confederate reinforcements continued to arrive during the day. After day-long fighting, Burbridge retired without accomplishing his objective. Afterwards, Confederate soldiers were said to have murdered, captured, and wounded black soldiers. (NPS summary)

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