General David Petraeus is the former Director of the Central Intelligence Agency and the former head of the U.S. Central Command, the region spanning from Afghanistan to Egypt. As head of the U.S.-led multinational force in Iraq he led the successful 'Surge' strategy, destroying insurgents terrorists groups. He was unanimously confirmed by the US Senate, particularly because of his long-established reputation for honesty. Speaking of honesty, Petraeus stepped down from his CIA post after getting caught in an extramarital affair.
Petraeus, 64, has a wife Holly and two children, a son and a daughter. He was born in Cornwall-on-Hudson, New York, to Sixtus and Miriam Petraeus. Attended and was a 1970 graduate of Cornwall Central High School. From there he attended West Point military academy. Petraeus would earn high marks, graduating top of his class. After graduating, he married Holly Petraeus, the daughter of General William A. Knowlton, a four-star general and NATO commander. He earned a M.P.A. and a Ph.D. His doctoral thesis was The American military and the lessons of Vietnam: a study of military influence and the use of force in the post-Vietnam era., 1987. Later, he would author the manual devoted to counterinsurgency operations. This new counterinsurgency field manual became the backbone for an overwhelming success by the U.S. military in Iraq.
Leading up to the Surge
Senator Hillary Clinton, who helped appoint him, called him a liar when he gave his September 2007 report on President Bush's "troop surge". In response to this report, Petraeus was the victim of liberal advocacy group MoveOn.org's "vicious" attack campaign subsidized by the New York Times which contributed a monetary discount for an advertisement, without foundation, entitled "General Petraeus or General Betray Us"? The accusation of treason sparked so much controversy that even the Democrat-controlled Senate passed a resolution condemning the attack on General Petraeus.
The Surge: 2007-8
President Bush removed Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and tried the warfighting strategy proposed by General Petraeus, who was given additional forces. Petraeus sent in 30,000 additional combat troops under Lt. Gen. Ray Odierno, who contained the insurgency and cleared the enemy out of the "belts" surrounding Baghdad. Sunni leaders and tribal chiefs, fed up with al Qaeda atrocities, set up militias in tactical alliance with coalition and Iraqi government forces, The long ceasefire of Moqtada al Sadr's Shia extremists helped to reduce sectarian tension. Within a few months, Baghdad had been transformed: attacks were down by 60%, civilian deaths had dropped 70% and sectarian attacks of one sort and other had fallen by a staggering 90%. The success of "The Surge" strategy made possible the achievement of Bush's timetable for the withdrawal of American troops from Iraq's major cities in summer 2009.
- Counterinsurgency Field Manual: Afghanistan Edition Foreign Policy, January 2009
- Commanding General Biography DODIG.mil
- When questioning him on September 11, she lectured that, "I think that the reports that you provide to us really require a willing suspension of disbelief." (Washington Times editorial)
- MoveOn's McCarthy moment, By Peter D. Feaver, Boston Globe, September 11, 2007.
- Time Gives Lefties a Hefty Discount for "Betray us" Ad, Charles Hurt, New York Post, September 13, 2007.
- Senate Votes to Condemn MoveOn for Ad Attacking General Petraeus, FOX News, September 20, 2007.
- Kimberly Kagan, The Surge: A Military History (2009)
- CIA Website profile[Dead link]