Giacomo Puccini (1858 – 1924) was an Italian composer who wrote in a style called “verismo” (reality); the operatic equivalent of the writings of the French novelist, Émile_Zola with plots that tended to concentrate on unpleasant realities, quite often with unpleasant characters. In this, he is like Pietro Mascagni and Ruggero Leoncavallo.
... on his own most characteristic level, where passion, sensuality, tenderness, pathos and despair meet and fuse, he was an unrivaled master. His melodic gift and harmonic sensibility, his consummate skill in orchestration and unerring sense of theater combined to create a style that was wholly original, homogeneous and compelling. 
- Manon Lescaut (1893)
- La Bohème (1896)
- Tosca (1900)
- Madama Butterfly (1904)
- La fanciulla del west (The Girl of the Golden West)
- Il Trittico, premiered in New York, (1918) (A triptych of three short operas)
- Turandot (unfinished)
Puccini's choral, orchestral and instrumental works are considered less important than his operas.
- Giacomo Puccini Centro studi Giacomo Puccini.
- Honoring the most-beloved Operatic Composer