Gorsky list

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The Gorsky list is an internal KI document, dated December 1948, written by Anatoly Gorsky, chief of Soviet intelligence in the United States during World War II. It lists 43 Soviet sources and intelligence officers likely to have been identified to U.S. authorities following the defections of Whittaker Chambers, Hede Massing, Elizabeth Bentley, Louis Budenz and Alexander Koral. It was discovered in the KGB files by former KGB agent Alexander Vassiliev during the brief opening after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1993-96, when he was permitted to make notes of some KGB archives. The contents became public as part of Vassiliev v Frank Cass & Co Ltd., a 2003 libel case in the United Kingdom, identified as "transcript of KGB file 43173 vol.2 (v) pp. 49-55, attached to Alexander Vassiliev to Hartwig, 1 February 2002, in Alexander Vassiliev and Frank Cass & Co Ltd, High Court of Justice Queen's Bench Division Claim No. HQ1X03222, Amended Particulars of Claim." Vassiliev donated his original notes the the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, which posted them online in 2009. The translation is by Philip Redko, with annotations by Vassiliev and Library of Congress Cold War historian John Earl Haynes.

Contents

Failures in the USA (1938-48)

“Karl’s” group:

  1. Karl – Whittaker Chambers, former editor in chief of “Time” magazine. Traitor.
  2. Jerome – Barna Bukov (Altman), our former cadre employee. Currently in the USSR.
  3. Leonard – Alger Hiss, former employee of the State Dept.
  4. Junior – Donald Hiss, former employee of the Dept. of the Interior
  5. 104th – Henry A. Wadleigh – former employee of the State Dept.
  6. 118th – F.V. Reno – former employee of the Aberdeen Proving Ground
  7. 105th – Henry Collins, former employee of Dept. of Agriculture, at pres., director of the American-Russian Institute in NY
  8. 114th – William W. Pigman, former employee of the Bureau of Standards
  9. “Storm” – Joseph Peters (a.k.a. Isadore Boorstein), former member of the Central Committee of the CP USA
  10. “Vig” – Lee Pressman, former legal adviser of the Congress of Industrial Organizations
  11. 116th – Harry Azizov, former employee of a steel-smelting company in Chicago
  12. 101st – Peter MacLean, journalist and photoreporter, not used since '37
  13. 103rd – David Carpenter, newspaper employee
  14. 107th – Felix Inslerman, place of employment unknown
  15. 113th – Harry Rosenthal, employee of an insurance company in Philadelphia
  16. 115th – Lester Hutm, former employee of the Frankford Arsenal
  17. “Ernst” – Noel Field, former employee of the State Dept.
  18. “Rupert” – V.V. Sveshnikov, former employee of the War Dept.
  19. “Richard” – Harry White, former assistant to Sec. of the Treasury Morgenthau, died in ‘48
  20. “Aileron” – G. Silverman, former chief of the Planning and Statistics Division of the AAF
  21. “Ruble” – Harold Glasser, former director of the Monetary Division of the Dept. of the Treasury

“Redhead’s” group

  1. “Redhead” – Hedwiga Gumpertz, “Vatsek’s” wife. Sent to the USA in ’38 to carry out our assignments. A traitor since ’48.
  2. “Vatsek” – Paul Massing, a scientist at the “Institute for Social Research” at Columbia University. Traitor.
  3. “Oscar” – Oscar Bernstein, a lawyer, used for setting up covers for our workers in the USA.
  4. “Prince” – Laurence Duggan (a.k.a. 19) former employee of the State Dept. Suicide.
  5. “Ruff” – Franz Neumann, former consultant for the Research and Analysis Branch of the OSS.
  6. “Vardo” – E.Y. Zarubina, our former cadre employee. Currently in the USSR.

“Buben’s” group

  1. “Buben” – Louis Budenz, former member of the Central Committee of the CP USA, former editor of the “Daily Worker,” at pres., he is a professor at Fordham Catholic University.
  2. “Bob” – Robert Menaker, traveling salesman for various trade firms
  3. “Liberal” – Frank Palmer. Place of employment unknown. Former member of the CP USA, broke with the Comparty in ’37. “Buben” was recruited with his help.
  4. “Chap” – Franklin Zalmond, no specific occupation. “Rita’s” husband. Used as a courier.
  5. “Rita” – (a.k.a. “Satyr”). Sylvia Caldwell, tech. secretary for a Trotskyite group in NY
  6. “Harry” – Rabinovich, our former cadre employee. Currently in the USSR.

“Sound” and “Myrna’s” group

  1. “Sound” – Jacob Golos (Raisin), our former illegal employee in the USA. Died in ’43.
  2. “Myrna” – Elizabeth Bentley, former vice president of the “United States Service and Shipping Corporation.” A traitor since ’45.
  3. “Tan” – Harry Magdoff, former official at the Dept. of Commerce
  4. “Ted” – Edward Fitzgerald, former official at the Dept. of Commerce
  5. “Mole” – Charles Kramer, former adviser to Senator Pepper.
  6. “Izra” – Donald Wheeler, former OSS official
  7. “Sid” – Allan Rosenberg, former Foreign Economic Administration official
  8. “Dan” – Stanley Graze, State Dept. intelligence employee
  9. “Arena” – Gerald Graze, “Dan’s” brother, former employee of the War Dept.
  10. “Boy” – Charles Flato, former employee of the Foreign Economic Administration
  11. “Raid” – Victor Perlo, former War Production Board official
  12. “Robert” – Gregory Silvermaster, former official of the Reconstruction Financial Corporation at the Dept. of Commerce
  13. “Vim” (a.k.a. “Page”) – Lauchlin Currie, former aide to President Roosevelt
  14. “Peak” – Frank Coe, former chief of the Monetary Section of the Dept. of the Treasury
  15. “Acorn” – Bela Gold, former Dept. of Commerce official
  16. “Zhenya” – Sonia Gold, former secretary to the chief of the Monetary Research Division of the Dept. of the Treasury
  17. “Tino” – Irving Kaplan, former employee of the Foreign Economic Administration
  18. “Sachs” – Solomon Adler, former employee of the U.S. Dept. of the Treasury
  19. “Pilot” – Ludwig Ullman, former employee of the U.S. Dept. of War
  20. “Bak” – David Weintraub, former employee of the UNRRA
  21. “X” – Joseph Katz, our old agent/group handler, co-owner of a cover that we set up — a glovemaking factory. Currently in Italy, forming a company on our instructions to cover the illegal courier line between Europe and the USA.
  22. “Adam” – Eva Getzov, employee of the “Jewish Welfare Board”
  23. “Hare” – Maurice Halperin, former OSS employee
  24. “Koch” – Duncan Lee, former OSS employee
  25. “Muse” – Helen Tenney, former OSS employee
  26. “Flora” – Ruth Rivkin, f. UNRRA employee
  27. “Mon” – Bernard Redmont, f. employee of the “Rockefeller Committee”
  28. “Mirage” – Robert Miller, f. State Dept. official
  29. “Dir” – Mary Price, f. secretary to American journalist Lippmann
  30. “Gor” – Joseph Gregg, f. “Rockefeller Committee” official
  31. “Fedya” – William Remington, f. War Production Board official
  32. “Cautious” – Julius Joseph, f. OSS employee
  33. “Echo” – S. Schuster, staff member of the Central Committee of the CP USA
  34. “Irma” – Ray Elson, f. vice president of the “United States Service and Shipping Corporation”
  35. “Grin” – John Spivak, journalist, used on the Trotskyites until ’41
  36. “Vadim” – A.V. Gorsky, f. station chief of the MGB USSR in Washington, currently in the USSR.
  37. “Lucy” – Pravdina, f. Amtorg employee, wife of the former station chief in NY, “Sergey.” Currently in the USSR.
  38. “Sergey” – V. Pravdin, f. station chief of the MGB USSR in NY. Currently in the USSR.
  39. “Stock” – our cadre employee M. Shalyapin. Currently in the USSR.
  40. “Gennady” – G.B. Ovakimyan, f. station chief of the MGB USSR in NY. Currently in the USSR.
  41. “Albert” – A.I. Akhmerov, f. illegal station chief of the MGB in NY. Currently in the USSR.
  42. “Elsa” – Akhmerova, Albert’s wife, American, a Soviet citizen. Currently in the USSR.
  43. “Mushroom” – Willard Park, f. employee of the “Rockefeller Committee”
  44. “Charlie” – Cedric Belfrage, f. employee of the English intelligence station in NY. At pres., he is a

journalist.

“Berg” and “Art’s” group

  1. “Berg” – Alexander Koral, f. engineer of the municipality of NY
  2. “Art” – Helen Koral, “Berg’s” wife. Housewife.
  3. “San” – Richard Koral, son. Student.
  4. “Long” –Norman Hait, engineer for the “Sperry Gyroscope Company” in New Jersey.
  5. “Smart” – Elliot Goldberg, engineer for an oil equipment manufacturing company in NY.
  6. “Huron” – Byron T. Darling, engineer for the “Rubber” Company
  7. “Teacher” – Melamed, teacher at a music school in NY
  8. “Cora” – Emma Phillips, housewife
  9. “Lok” – Sylvia Koral, former employee of the Code Section of the Office of War Information.
  10. “Siskin” – Eduardo Pequeño, businessman in Caracas (Venezuela)
  11. “Express Messenger” – Richard Setaro, journalist/writer, f. employee of the “Columbia Broadcasting System.” Currently in Buenos Aires.
  12. “Artem” – A. Slavyagin, our cadre employee. Currently in the USSR.
  13. “Twain” – S.M. Semenov, station chief of KI tech. intelligence in Paris. At pres.- on leave in Moscow.
  14. “Aleksey”– A.A. Yatskov, our cadre employee, currently in the USSR.
  15. “Julia” – O.V. Shimmel, our cadre employee, currently in the USSR.
  16. “Shah” – K.A. Chugunov, our cadre employee, currently in the USSR.

Signature and Date

A. Gorsky (Dec. ’48)

Source

  • Alexander Vassiliev, Black Notebook (The Vassiliev Notebooks, Cold War International History Project, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars)
  • See also:
  • Gorsky Symposium, History of American Communism (H-HOAC) Discussion Network, March 14-20, 2005
  • The Alger Hiss Story: Search for the Truth
  • David Lowenthal with Svetlana A. Chervonnaya, Gorsky Report, History News Network (George Mason University), May 2, 2005
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