Gospel of Thomas
The Gospel of Thomas is a unique apocryphal work that contains 114 verses of brief sayings attributed to Jesus most of which begin with the words "Jesus said." There are some parallels to the New Testament Gospels, and some areas that are contrary, and some areas of new creation. It is a gospel of sayings that is different from the narrative gospels in the New Testament.
The Gospel of Thomas was rejected by Cyril of Jerusalem, an early theologian and Doctor of the Church. Hippolytus and Origen likewise make mention of a gospel of Thomas as not having biblical authority.
For many centuries, no surviving text was known. A complete Coptic text of the Gospel of Thomas was among those discovered in 1945 at Nag Hammadi in Egypt. Dated to sometime in the mid 4th Century, earlier fragments have been found that date to the end of the 2nd Century; its actual time of origin is unknown. It is not recognized as an authoritative text by any Christian denominations, but fascinates Biblical scholars who try to piece together its role in the workings of early Christianity.