For the subculture with the same name see Goth (subculture)
Historically, a Goth was a member of a Germanic tribe, which invaded the Roman Empire from the east between the third and fifth centuries AD. The eastern half of the tribe, the Ostrogoths eventually founded the kingdom of Italy, while the Visigoths, their western cousins, founded the kingdom of Spain. The Gothic language belonged to the so-called East Germanic languages and showed earlier features than West Germanic languages (like Old English and Old High German). Our primary knowledge of it is from the translation of the Bible by Ulfilas into Gothic, part of which survives as the 'Codex Argenteus' in Uppsala, Sweden.