Gouverneur Morris

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Gouverneur Morris (1752-1816) was a Founding Father and the person most responsible for the wording of the Constitution, as the head of the Committee on Style. He also spoke more at the Constitutional Convention than any other delegate.

Born in New York, Morris was educated by French Huguenots and graduated from King's College (now Columbia University). He was once defeated in an election because he was suspected of being pro-British in the 1770s. Morris helped finance the Revolutionary War, however, and he was an advocate for a strong central government afterwards, including election of a president for life. An Episcopalian, Morris had a deep faith in God and felt that He intervenes in the world.

Morris was a member of the Federalist Party and a critic of the Jefferson Administration, though Morris favored the Louisiana Purchase.

Further reading

  • William Howard Adams. Gouverneur Morris: An Independent Life (2003) 345 pages excerpt and text search
  • Richard Brookhiser. Gentleman Revolutionary: Gouverneur Morris, the Rake who Wrote the Constitution (2003) 272 pages excerpt and text search
  • James J. Kirschke. Gouverneur Morris: Author, Statesman, and Man of the World (2005) 370 pages excerpt and text search
  • Theodore Roosevelt. Gouverneur Morris (1896), 341 pages; written before TR became president; full text online
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