The Greco-Italian War was one of the many conflicts in Europe that were part of World War II. On October 28, 1940, Italian dictator Mussolini demanded Greece surrender. Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas refused, saying simply "okhi" (Greek for "no"). Italian troops invaded, starting the war. With numerically inferior forces, Greek General Alexander Papagos was able to repel the invaders until Italy's Axis allies joined the fray in April 1941 in the Battle of Greece.
The Italian losses amounted to 13,755 killed, 50,874 wounded and 25,067 captured or missing. German losses in the invasion of Greece were 1,500 killed (including 200 Luftwaffe pilots) and 3,700 wounded.
The Greeks suffered 70,000 killed or wounded and 270,000 captured. The British forces reported losing 12,000 killed, wounded or captured.