Growth of religious fundamentalism

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Religious fundamentalism has risen to worldwide prominence ever since the 1970s.[1] In 1970, the percentage of the global population which are atheists began to shrink also (see: Desecularization and Global atheism).

Eric Kaufmann is a professor of politics at Birkbeck College, University of London and author. His academic research specialty is how demographic changes affect religion/irreligion and politics.

According to Kaufmann:

It will be a century or more before the world completes its demographic transition. There is still too much smoke in the air for us to pick out the peaks and valleys of the emerging social order. This much seems certain: without a new [secular liberal] ideology to inspire social cohesion, fundamentalism cannot be stopped. The religious shall inherit the earth.[2]

At a conference Kaufmann said of religious demographic projections concerning the 21st century:

Part of the reason I think demography is very important, at least if we are going to speak about the future, is that it is the most predictable of the social sciences.

...if you look at a population and its age structure now. You can tell a lot about the future. ...So by looking at the relative age structure of different populations you can already say a lot about the future...

...Religious fundamentalism is going to be on the increase in the future and not just out there in the developing world..., but in the developed world as well.[3]

Growth of pentecostalism

See also: Pentecostalism

The American sociologist and author Peter L. Berger introduced the concept of desecularization in 1999.[4][5] According to Berger, "One can say with some confidence that modern Pentecostalism must be the fastest growing religion in human history."[6]

Phillip Jenkins published the book The Next Christendom: The Coming of Global Christianity.

Chuck Colson, citing the work of Jenkins, writes:

As Penn State professor Philip Jenkins writes in The Next Christendom: The Coming of Global Christianity, predictions like Huntingtons betray an ignorance of the explosive growth of Christianity outside of the West.

For instance, in 1900, there were approximately 10 million Christians in Africa. By 2000, there were 360 million. By 2025, conservative estimates see that number rising to 633 million. Those same estimates put the number of Christians in Latin America in 2025 at 640 million and in Asia at 460 million.

According to Jenkins, the percentage of the worlds population that is, at least by name, Christian will be roughly the same in 2050 as it was in 1900. By the middle of this century, there will be three billion Christians in the world -- one and a half times the number of Muslims. In fact, by 2050 there will be nearly as many Pentecostal Christians in the world as there are Muslims today.[7]

See also

Notes

  1. [https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.soc.32.061604.123141 The Rise of Religious Fundamentalism, Annual Review of Sociology, 2006, Vol. 32:127-144
  2. The Stork Theory By Allan C. Carlson, February 28, 2018
  3. Eric Kaufmann - Religion, Demography and Politics in the 21st Century
  4. Journal of Church and State, Desecularization: A Conceptual Framework by Vyacheslav Karpov, 2010
  5. Peter L. Berger, “The Desecularization of the World: A Global Overview,” in The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics, ed. Peter L. Berger (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1999)
  6. Pentecostalism – Protestant Ethic or Cargo Cult?, Peter Berger, July 29, 2010
  7. How Christianity is Growing Around the World by Chuck Colson