Ho Chi Minh

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Ho Chi Minh
Personal Life
Date & Place of Birth 19 May 1890, Nghe An Province, French Indochina
Parents Nguyen Sinh Sac (father)
Claimed religion Atheist
Education Educated in France
Spouse Tang Tuyet Minh
Children None
Date & Place of Death 3 September 1969 (aged 79), in Hanoi
Manner of Death Heart failure
Place of Burial Buried in Hanoi with honors
Dictatorial Career
Country Vietnam
Military Service Led military as commander in chief during wars with France and US
Highest rank attained N/A
Political beliefs Communist
Political party Vietnam Workers Party
Date of Dictatorship Served as President from 2 September 1945 – 3 September 1969
Wars started Invasions of South Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia; Vietnam War
Number of Deaths attributed 100,000+

Ho Chi Minh, born on May 19, 1890 as Nguyen Tat Thanh, was a Vietnamese revolutionary who imposed one-party rule on North Vietnam, dashing any hopes of it becoming a democratic country. He was prime minister of the Viet Minh, a communist proto-state, from 1945 to 1955. The Viet Minh became the government of North Vietnam in 1954. Ho became president in 1955 and held this position until death on September 2, 1969. Ho was more a figurehead than a leader. Although Le Duan, the party boss, maintained a lower profile, he was a more powerful leader. "Ho" is a surname while "Chi Minh" means "the one who brings light." Vietnamese generally call him Bác Hồ (Uncle Ho). This phrase was coined in imitation of "Uncle Joe," one of Stalin's nicknames. Official propaganda stresses that Ho was celibate and dedicated only to welfare of the nation. Few Vietnamese are aware that he was married to Tang Tuyet Minh, a Chinese Catholic who lived in Guangzhou. After the Vietnam War ended in 1975, Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City.

Life and Career

Nguyen Tat Thanh left Vietnam at the age of 20. He traveled to London, New York and Paris and took different jobs (among others: worked as a ship steward, gardener, cook in a restaurant). While working on a ship he used name Nguyen Van Ba, then he returned to his original name.

In 1919 he joined the French Socialist Party and in 1920, after the party fell apart, he become a member of the French Communist Party. He became an expert in colonialism issues. In 1922 he was delegated to Moscow, where he studied the doctrine and techniques of communism. In 1925 he was sent to China, officially as a staff member of the Soviet Consulate in Kanton, in fact as a Comintern agent. Then he became the Director of the Comintern Office in Shanghai. Since then, until the start of the Second World War he traveled a lot over Asia.

  • Ho throughout his life was a dedicated Communist internationalist. In 1938 Ho went from Moscow to Moa's side at Yenan.[1][2]
  • Ho Chi Minh was a nationalist in the sense that he had a special affection for Vietnam’s people and favored Vietnamese unification and independence, but, from his reading of Lenin’s Theses onward, he firmly adhered to the Leninist principle that Communist nations should subordinate their interests to those of the international Communist movement. [3]

External links

Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese Hồ Chí Minh

References

  1. OSS in China: prelude to Cold War], By Maochun Yu.
  2. http://www.oldwardogs.us/2006/12/understanding_r.html
  3. http://www.triumphforsaken.com/index.php?pr=Excerpt
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