Ha Tikvah

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Ha Tikvah (Hebrew: הַתִּקְוָה‎, "The Hope") is the national anthem of the State of Israel. It was written by Naftali Herz Imber (1856-1909), who settled in Palestine in 1882 from Galicia (now divided between Poland and the Ukraine). The musical arrangement is by Samuel Cohen, an immigrant from Moldavia, from a theme in Smetana's Moldau which was itself partly based on a Scandinavian folk song.

Ha Tikvah expresses the hope of the Jewish people that they would return to the land of their forefathers as prophesied in the Bible. During the two thousand years of exile, the Jewish people said daily prayers for return to Israel while facing the East in the direction of Jerusalem. Zion is synonymous with Israel and Jerusalem.

Lyrics

כל עוד בלבב פנימה
נפש יהודי הומיה,
ולפאתי מזרח קדימה,
עין לציון צופיה,
Kol od baleivav p'nimah
Nefesh y'hudi homiyah
Ulfa'atei mizrach kadimah
Ayin l'tziyon tzofiyah
As long as in the heart, within,
A Jewish soul is yearning,
And to the edges of the East, forward,
An eye watches towards Zion,
עוד לא אבדה תקוותנו,
התקווה בת שנות אלפים,
להיות עם חופשי בארצנו,
ארץ ציון וירושלים.
Od lo avdah tikvateinu
Hatikvah bat sh'not alpayim
Lihyot am chofshi b'artzeinu
Eretz tziyon viyrushalayim
Our hope is not yet lost,
The hope of two thousand years,
To be a free nation in our own land,
The land of Zion and Jerusalem.

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