George Frideric Handel

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Balthasar Denner's portrait of Handel (1733)

George Frideric Handel (1685 - 1759) (German: Georg Friedrich Händel) was a German-born British (since 1727[1]) composer and organist. His works fall within the Baroque era of Western Classical music. Handel was, during his lifetime, perhaps the most internationally famous of all musicians. [1] The legacy of Handel may be found in the dramatic power and lyrical beauty inherent in his music.

Contents

List of works

OPERAS:

  • Hamburg: Almira, Nero (lost) (both 1705)
  • Florindo e Dafne (lost) (1707)
  • Florence: Rodrigo (1707)
  • Venice: Agrippina (1709)
  • London: Rinaldo (1711, rev. 1731)
  • Il pastor fido (1712; 2nd version with ballet Terpsicore, 1734)
  • Teseo (1712)
  • Silla (1714)
  • Amadigi di Gaula (1715)
  • Radamisto (1720, rev. 1720, 1721, 1728)
  • Muzio Scevola, Floridante (both 1721)
  • Ottone (1722)
  • Flavio (1723)
  • Giulio Cesare in Egitto (1723-4)
  • Tamerlano (1724, rev. 1731)
  • Rodelinda, regina de'Longobardi (1725)
  • Scipione, Alessandro (both 1726)
  • Admeto, Riccardo I (both 1727)
  • Siroe, Tolomeo (both 1728)
  • Lotario (1729)
  • Partenope (1729-30, rev. 1730, 1736)
  • Poro (1731)
  • Ezio, Sosarme (both 1732)
  • Orlando (1733)
  • Arianna (1734)
  • Ariodante, Alcina (both 1735)
  • Atalanta (1736)
  • Arminio, Giustino, Berenice (all 1737)
  • Faramondo, Serse (both 1738)
  • Imeneo (1738-40)
  • Deidamia (1740)

ORCHESTRA:

  • Water Music (c.1717)
  • Music for Royal Fireworks (1749)

DRAMATIC ORATORIOS:

  • Rome: La Resurrezione, Trionfo del Tempo (1708)
  • Naples: Aci, Galatea e Polifemo (1709)
  • Hamburg: Der für die Sünde der Welt gemartete und sterbende Jesus (Brockes Passion) (?1716)
  • London: Haman and Mordecai (masque 1720, later rev. as Esther in 1732)
  • Acis and Galatea (1718; rev. 1732 incorporating part of 1708 cantata on same subject, and 1743)
  • Deborah (1733)
  • Athalia (1733)
  • Alexander's Feast (1736)
  • Israel in Egypt (1738)
  • Saul, Ode for St Cecilia's Day (1739)
  • L'Allegro, il Pensieroso ed il Moderato (1740)
  • Messiah (1741)
  • Samson (1741-2)
  • Joseph and his Brethren, Semele (1743)
  • Belshazzar, Hercules (1744)
  • Occasional Oratorio, Judas Maccabaeus (1746)
  • Alexander Balus, Joshua (1747)
  • Solomon, Susanna (1748)
  • Theodora, Alceste (1749)
  • Choice of Hercules (1750)
  • Jephtha (1751)
  • Triumph of Time and Truth (1757)

CANTATAS AND CHAMBER DUETS: Handel comp. 100 of the former and 20 of the latter. Among the best known are:

  • Silete Venti, sop., instr. (1729)
  • La terra è liberata (Apollo e Dafne), sop., bass, instr. (c.1708)
  • O numi eterni (La Lucrezia), sop., continuo (1709)

CHURCH MUSIC:

  • Gloria Patri (1707)
  • Utrecht Te Deum and Jubilate (1712-13)
  • Dettingen Te Deum (1743)
  • 11 Chandos Anthems (1717-18)
  • 4 Coronation Anthems (1727: The King Shall Rejoice; Let thy hand be strengthened; My heart is inditing; Zadok the Priest)
  • The Ways of Zion do Mourn, funeral anthem for Queen Caroline (1737)

VOCAL:

INSTRUMENTAL AND CHAMBER MUSIC:

  • 6 Concerti Grossi, str., ww., continuo, Op.3 (1734)
  • 12 Concerti Grossi, str., optional wind, Op.6 (1739)
  • 5 Concerti, orch. (1741)
  • 6 organ concerti, Op.4 (1738)
  • 6 organ concerti, Op.7 (1760)
  • 6 organ concerti (1740)
  • 15 chamber sonatas (fls., recorders), Op.1 (1724)
  • 3 concerti a due cori
  • 2 ob. sonatas
  • 12 fl. sonatas
  • 6 trio sonatas
  • 9 trio sonatas, Op.2 (1722-33)
  • 7 trio sonatas, Op.5 (1739)
  • viola da gamba sonata
  • 8 suites de pièces, (harpsichord) (1720) See also Harmonious Blacksmith
  • 8 suites de pièces (1733, these incl. the well-known Chaconne in G)
  • 6 Fugues (1736)

See also

External links

References

  1. The UK Parliament Website: British Citizen by Act of Parliament: George Frideric Handel
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