Hatshepsut, "The Foremost of Noble Ladies", was the daughter of Thuthmose I and Aahmes She was the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of ancient Egypt. She was believed to be a co-regent from 1479 to 1458 B.C. with her stepson Thutmose III. Hatshepsut is credited with being the earliest known queen regnant in history and the second woman known (there are rumors of other previous female rulers) to hold the throne as "King of Upper and Lower Egypt". The first was Queen Sobekneferu of the Twelfth Dynasty.
Hatshepsut was a master politician, and an elegant stateswoman with enough charisma to keep control of an entire country for twenty years. Her reign was the longest of all the female pharaohs, and her funerary temple still stands as a tribute to her incredible rise to power. Hatshepsut, as a female, had many obstacles to overcome. There was always a threat of revolt, especially as her bitter nephew came of age. Using propaganda and keen political skills, she deftly jumped each hurdle she faced. 
Hatshepsut was one of the most prolific builder pharaohs of ancient Egypt.