Herman Melville (1819–1891) was an American novelist and poet. His masterpiece was Moby-Dick, which was considered to be a failure until it was recognized long after Melville's death to be a literary masterpiece.
During his lifetime, Melville was best-known for his 1846 book Typee: A Peep at Polynesian Life, a fictionalized account, told in the first person, of Melville's experiences as a beachcomber on an island in the South Pacific, and its 1847 follow-up, Omoo. They were huge successes.
Melville, who had poor eyesight due to a childhood bout of scarlet fever, wrote Moby-Dick based on his experiences in whaling in the early 1840s. The book did not even sell out its first printing and Melville died in relative obscurity. An 1890 note in the Buffalo Courier commented that "Forty-four years ago, when his most famous tale, Typee, appeared, there was not a better known author than he" but that "There are more people to-day who believe Herman Melville dead than there are those who know he is living." His seven-line obituary in the New York Times read, in full:
- Herman Melville died yesterday at his residence, 104 East Twenty-sixth Street, this city, of heart failure, aged seventy-two. He was the author of "Typee," "Omoo," "Mobie[sic] Dick," and other sea-faring tales, written in earlier years. He leaves a wife and two daughters, Mrs. M. B. Thomas and Miss Melville.