Ho Chi Minh City
|Ho Chi Minh City|
|South Vietnamese flee in a U.S. helicopter on a rooftop in Saigon as the North Vietnamese army closes in (1975).|
|Vietnamese||Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh|
Ho Chi Minh City, formerly Saigon, is the largest city in Vietnam. The city is located on the Saigon River near the South China Sea, called the "East Sea" by Vietnamese. It is named after North Vietnamese Communist figurehead Ho Chi Minh. Ho Chi Minh City has 8.2 million inhabitants.
Saigon became the capital of South Vietnam when French Indochina was divided in 1954. The city played an important role during the Vietnam War. The US embassy of Saigon was attacked by the Vietcong on January 31, 1968. In 1975, the Communists took the control over the city.