Homework Two Answers - Student Fifteen
1. Two important trials or series of trials occurred in the colonies between 1690 and 1750. What where they, and why were they significant?
Two important trials were the Salem Witch trials and the Zenger Trial. In Massachusetts, these witch trials, took place when a supposed civilian was accused or confessed to be practicing witch like activities. The conclusion was the banning of spectral evidence. And punishing someone for a crime has to have evidence that goes “beyond reasonable doubt”. John Peter Zenger was charged with, seditious libel, after embarrassing the governor. Andrew Hamilton led a compelling argument and the jury decided to nullify the law. This established the power of jury nullification and eventually Americas freedom of the press. Also it reinforced our right to a jury trial.
- Superb analysis. You should consider becoming an attorney one day!
2. What do you think were the two biggest causes of the Revolutionary War, and why?
The British concluded that the colonies should help pay for the debt that was established during the French and Indian War. This was done through various and abrupt taxes. This taxation without representation created greater tension between the colonies and the mother country. Hence the French and Indian War was like a snowball starting an avalanche. Besides the colonists' economic opposition, many British citizens had the idea that the colonists were not as elite as those actually living in Europe. Thus believed inferior, England was relentless towards the colonies in their execution of what would be best for England as a whole.
- Great substance in your answer, as you describe the conflict well. (Note a grammatical error: "Thus believed inferior, England was ..." should be "Thus believed inferior, the colonies ...." The first three words refer to "colonies", not "England", and thus "colonies" must appear first after the comma.)
4. The "Tea Party" today takes its name from which event? Explain how that event connects to the views of the Tea Party Movement today.
Today’s Tea Party contrived there name from the event that took place when Massachusetts revolted against Britain’s tea act. Circumstances and the way in which each chose/choose to accomplish their goals are different. However both shared the parallel thought that excessive taxes were wrong as well as the ultimate authority of a nation are the people.
- Terrific answer, and may become the model answer.
5. Explain and discuss the Great Awakening, and its effect in uniting the colonies.
The Great Awakening placed God as our nation’s solid rock to stand upon. Speakers Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield were used by God’s grace to unite the colonies under one God. The Great Awakening’s uproar still lasts today. Our national motto is “In God we trust”. Also the phrase included in the Great seal of the United States is “God has smiled upon our undertaking”.
- Superb! I didn't know about the Great Seal's phrase.
6. What was the significance -- and the outcome -- of the French and Indian War? Should it have a different name?
The French and Indian War greatly extended what would eventually be the colonies inheritance: North America. The territory west of the Appalachian mountain was given to England through the treaty of Paris. It also placed a large debt over England’s head which they in turn shared with the colonies. The outcome of the French and Indian war was our Revolution against England’s manner of dealing with the debt it produced. The French and Indian war is a perfectly acceptable name.
- Good answer, addressing several important points.
7. Describe several of the laws passed by Britain during the time period leading up to the Revolutionary War, and their effect on the colonies.
The sugar and stamp acts are pretty self-explanatory. However the Quartering Act of May 1765 required that colonist must supply British troops housing and other items of necessity. The colonists protested in assemblies however most were punished for, failure to comply. By this time the colonies were ready for a revolution. The Prohibitory Act of December 22, 1775 lit the fuse. The act struck Americans economy by forbidding trade with any other country besides Britain. It was also shortly after this act that Patrick Henry said his famous words, “Give me Liberty or Give me Death!”
- Terrific answer.
H3. "All political issues are actually economic issues." Discuss this in the context of the conflicts leading up to the Revolutionary War, with reference to at least one specific dispute.
Money does find its way into all political issues. Every conflict leading up to the American Revolution was entangled with money in some way shape or form. The greatest conflict erupted after the French and Indian war. The enormous debt resulted in numerous taxes like the Tea act.
- Superb analysis.
H4. Identify two similarities, and two differences, between the cultures of colonial America and England around 1770.
A colossal difference was the fact that previous to 1763 the American colonies had been subjected to salutary neglect. While England civilians were always held by a strict set of laws and regulations. Following the French and Indian war rules and regulations were being enforced upon the colonies in an abrupt manner. The way in which the colonies economy worked was through the sale of raw materials while England’s was largely through selling the raw materials as a perfected finished product. The difference here is that the colonies acquired these raw materials through the use of slaves. The population of slaves in the colonies was enormous compared to that of England’s. However the colonies and those living in England were subjected to the King. Both cultures also did not consider women to be of much worth.
- Good, but seems to miss the point that colonies produced the raw materials for the manufacturing plants in England to convert to finished products, which were then sold back to the colonies (and around the world). (Minus 1) Also, the statement that both cultures did not consider women to be of much worth seems inconsistent with the strong family values of the Puritan and other colonial communities. The colonists took the Bible and its values as seriously, if not more so, than people today, under which all people, men and women, were equal before God.
H5. Discuss any of the debate or discussion topics from the lecture. Do you think a jury should be able to ignore the law in order to find a defendant "not guilty?"
The power of the jury should definitely be upheld. Their ability to make a decision as a team is a right, we the people deserve. The possibility of bribery still is at hand however it is still much harder to bribe a whole jury rather than a single judge. The jury plays a very important role in America’s justice system and their ability to nullify the law is essential.
- Excellent analysis.
- Grade: 89/90. One of the best homeworks in the class!--Andy Schlafly 16:10, 20 February 2011 (EST)