The House Judiciary Committee is an organ of the House of Representatives entrusted with legislating on important issues of federal law. Like its peer, the Senate Judiciary Committee, the Committee also oversees the appointment of federal judges under Article III of the Constitution. The Committee describes its own jurisdiction as:
- The judiciary and judicial proceedings, civil and criminal.
- Administrative practice and procedure.
- Apportionment of Representatives.
- Bankruptcy, mutiny, espionage, and counterfeiting.
- Civil liberties.
- Constitutional amendments.
- Criminal law enforcement.
- Federal courts and judges, and local courts in the Territories and possessions.
- Immigration policy and non-border enforcement.
- Interstate compacts generally.
- Claims against the United States.
- Members of Congress, attendance of members, Delegates, and the Resident Commissioner; and their acceptance of incompatible offices.
- National penitentiaries.
- Patents, the Patent and Trademark Office, copyrights, and trademarks.
- Presidential succession.
- Protection of trade and commerce against unlawful restraints and monopolies.
- Revision and codification of the Statutes of the United States.
- State and territorial boundary lines.
- Subversive activities affecting the internal security of the United States.
The current chairman of the Committee is John Conyers of Detroit, Representative for Michigan's 14th District. Conyers is a Democrat and active in the Black Caucus.