Hua Guofeng

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Hua Guofeng (1921-2008) was a Chinese Communist leader, and succeeded Mao Zedong as Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party after Mao's death in 1976. He instituted the policy of the Four Modernizations (of agriculture, industry, science & technology, and national defense) which were intended to transform China into a powerful modern state, but was also criticized for the policy known as the 'Two Whatevers', based on his statement that "We will resolutely uphold whatever policy decisions Chairman Mao made, and unswervingly follow whatever instructions Chairman Mao made." From 1978 Hua was eased out of power by Deng Xiaoping. In 1980 he was replaced as Prime Minister by Zhao Ziyang and was replaced as head of the armed forces a year later by Hu Yaobang; however, he was allowed to retain honorific, if powerless posts, and remained a member of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party up to his death.

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