Hugo Black

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Hugo Black
HugoBlack.jpg
Former Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
From: August 18, 1937 – September 17, 1971
Nominator Harry Truman
Predecessor Willis Van Devanter
Successor Lewis Powell
U.S. Senator from Alabama
From: March 4, 1927 – August 19, 1937
Predecessor Oscar W. Underwood
Successor Dixie B. Graves
Information
Party Democrat
Spouse(s) Josephine Foster (1921-1951)
Elizabeth Seay DeMeritte (1957-death)

Hugo LaFayette Black (February 27, 1886 – September 25, 1971) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Appointed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, he served from August 19, 1937 – September 17, 1971.

He had previously served as a Democrat in the U.S. Senate from 1926-1937, representing the State of Alabama. Before his political career he was a member of the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s.

As a Supreme Court Justice, Black was completely opposed to:

  • school prayer
  • religion in public life
  • patent rights
  • any limitations on pornography

Justice Black was the leading proponent of incorporation doctrine.

Black often insisted on a literalist interpretation of the Bill of Rights, and he dissented from Griswold v. Connecticut.