Humphrey Bogart (1899-1957) was an American actor famous for portraying cool, hard-boiled characters in movies such as Casablanca (1942), The Maltese Falcon (1941), and The Big Sleep (1946). He also starred alongside James Cagney in Angels with Dirty Faces (1938), and with Katharine Hepburn in The African Queen (1946). He was awarded the Best Actor Academy Award for his role as Charlie Allnut in The African Queen, and was also twice nominated, for playing Captain Queeg in The Caine Mutiny (1954), and for the role of Rick Blaine in Casablanca. Bogart was married four times: his last marriage was to Lauren Bacall, his co-star in Casablanca. He died of cancer at the age of 57.
Bogart and HUAC
In 1947 Bogart, Bacall, John Huston, William Wyler and other prominent film industry figures established the Committee for the First Amendment to protest against what they perceived as unfair treatment of the Hollywood Eleven, film industry actors, writers and directors who were questioned by the House Un-American Activities Committee about membership of or links with the Communist Party. Bogart later wrote an article entitled I'm No Communist and claimed to have been "duped".