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Capital Boise
Nickname The Gem State
Official Language None
Governor Butch Otter, R
Senator Mike Crapo, R
(202) 224-6142
Senator James Risch, R
(202) 224-2752
[No contact info]
Ratification of Constitution/or statehood July 3, 1890 (43rd)
Flag of Idaho Motto: "Esto Perpetua" (Let it be Perpetual)

Idaho is a state in the USA, becoming the 43rd state to enter the Union on July 3, 1890. It is to the south of Canada, to the north of Nevada, to the west of Montana and to the east of Washington and Oregon. Idaho is known for producing potatoes.


Elected officials



Essay:Survivalist Retreat Potential Ranking Analysis by James Wesley Rawles


Very low crime rate. (For example, it ranks second from the bottom in car thefts of the 50 states.) Low property taxes. Inexpensive building permits. Minimally intrusive government. Inexpensive car registration ($20 to $50 per year, plus a one-time-only $15 plate fee.) Low car insurance rates. Low health insurance rates. Extremely low home insurance rates. (An average of $326 per year. Ranks #50 in the country!) The most wilderness area in any of the 48 Continental United States. (Only Alaska has more.) 21.6 million forested acres. Minimal gun laws. Class 3 guns (machine guns short barreled rifles and shotguns, and suppressors) are legal to own after the $200 Federal tax and background check. Open carry of handguns is legal and fairly commonplace. CCW permits must be issued unless someone has a prior criminal record. (“Non-discretionary.”) No CCW permit is required for concealed carry outside of city limits. Vehicular carry of loaded guns is legal and very common. Automatic knives are legal to own and carry. Minimally regulated home schooling. Low population density. Low elevation portions of the state have a fairly mild climate. Hunting and fishing are excellent in many parts of the state, so there will be no shortage of protein WTSHTF. High ratio of horse ownership, so I anticipate that transportation will be available in the event of a long term TEOTWAWKI. By 2025, Idaho is projected to be the 40th most populous with 1.7 million people. (It is currently the 39th most populous state.) Affordable property: The median home price for all of Idaho is $105,403. One useful web site: Department of Commerce Community Profiles.[4], [2], [5]


Has a relatively high state income tax. Sadly, 63.7% of Idaho’s lands are owned by federal government. (Mostly National Forest and BLM land.) But at least that provides a "really big back yard" for hunting and cutting firewood. Cold winters at the higher elevations. (Look for property in the low river valleys if you can’t stand snow.) Low wages compared to most coastal states.

JWR’s Combined Retreat Potential Ranking: 1 of 19. (JWR’s top choice.)[2]

NRA Grades Rankings of the State

What the NRA Grades mean

U.S. Senate

U.S. House of Representatives

Likely Nuclear target structures

List of Major Companies Headquartered in the State

  • Albertsons, a division of SuperValu
  • Amalgamated Sugar Company
  • Boise Cascade
  • Chelton Flight Systems
  • Coldwater Creek
  • Empire Airlines
  • Hansen-Rice
  • Idahoan Foods
  • King's Discount Stores
  • Micron Technology
  • Native American Services Corp.
  • Pacific Press Publishing Association
  • Salmon Air
  • Simplot
  • Washington Group International
  • WinCo Foods
  • Yellowstone Bear World

Mapping Migration: Who Moves To Idaho

"Chances are you’re more likely to meet a Floridian than a North Dakotan in Idaho. From 2009 to 2010, Idaho’s seen more than 1,000 people come from the Sunshine State. In the last decade, Idaho’s population has grown by more than 20 percent. U.S. Census Bureau data show nearly 275,000 people moved to the Gem State from 2000 to 2010. Idaho’s rate of growth outpaced the national average which saw its population go up by about 10 percent in the last decade. So, where are people moving to Idaho from? We downloaded data collected by the Internal Revenue Service that tracks state-to-state movement based on where tax returns are filed each year. The data isn't conclusive, but it does give us clues as to where people are moving from." Click around the map to see the data: [6]



Idaho is a red state, with the Republican Party dominating federal and state politics there since achieving statehood.

Idaho does not recognize same-sex marriage or same-sex civil unions, both of which are banned in its state Constitution.

Higher education

Three major universities are located in Idaho. In the city of Moscow, in northwestern Idaho on the border of Washington, is the University of Idaho. Boise State University, located in southwestern Idaho in the city of Boise, is the biggest and most well known University. In the city of Pocatello, Idaho State University can be found. Recently, Boise State University has had great success in NCAA football, winning their first BCS Bowl game this past winter with their thrilling Fiesta Bowl victory over Oklahoma.[7]

Miscellaneous facts

The capital and largest city of Idaho is Boise.

The state is known as the Gem state.

The name "Idaho" is almost certainly a word made up by lobbyist George Willing, who falsely claimed it was a word in the Shoshone language. [8]

The movie Napoleon Dynamite was set in Idaho, and the Idaho State House of Representatives passed a resolution honoring the movie. [9]

Notable people from Idaho

  • Ezra Pound, a notable Modernist poet, was born in Hailey.


See Also


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