Independence Party of New York
The Independence Party of New York is a third party in New York. It usually nominates either the Democrat or Republican for Governor so it can get 50,000 votes and maintain automatic ballot access. However, unlike other electoral fusion parties in New York, the Independence Party frequently endorses its own candidates for other offices. Before 2008, where it nominated Republican John McCain for President, the IP typically would endorse a third or minor party candidate. For instance, in 2004 it endorsed Ralph Nader, in 2000 it endorsed John Hagelin, and in 1996 it endorsed Ross Perot.